Living through other adventure and maintenance day.

Now back at my desk for a good part of the day,  I need something to dream,  oh,  sorry “learn”. And with that said,  today I have just found the best way to do this! You simply  follow your friends under sail. Now don’t think that I am stalking them,  I just mean following their destination,  as they left after us… In the end it is always hard to part with your friends,  especially when you are the one staying behind!

Using Shipfinder if they have a Class B transmitter AIS,  you can live through them their trip up to the minute.  We used to use Marine traffic for other needs and never made the connection, we could follow somebody on the other side of the world. Well until a base station is setup.

But dreaming is not all we do around here, we have to do maintenance after all. So today we made a quick trip to Letitgo. The plan was to change the oil, coolant and primary fuel filter change. And the end result is: we didn’t achieve all of this but we learn a lot… Why?

First what I thought was an oil extractor on the boat was not, but the tubing of one and a high volume air pump. Perfect for the dinghy but not for my task of the day. In the meantime, *V *went around trying to purchase one, but the one I wanted was nowhere to be found. For the rest it was a typical day first engine took 2 hours and the second 15 minutes, and all that doing the same work. You learn and then apply, another advantage of the double hull design.

So what did I learn and what tools are needed. This is for a 3YM30.

Fuel filter: Short Screwdriver, hammer (doesn’t sound good), large zip log and a rag. 5 minutes

  • Don’t try to loosen the ring with a pliers, you will mark it or destroy it. With a gentle tap it will open and close in a minute.
  • Drop the all thing in a zip log.
  • Clean the housing
  • Install new filter (fancy wording to say insert on tube)
  • Reassemble and lock
  • Bleed twice.
  • To check the state of the filter wipe the top and blown in it (the level of resistance will let you know)

     


 

Coolant: Large container (3 litres), small tub, 3mn Allen key, 10mn wrench, tubing, funnel, new coolant, rag. 10 minutes

  • Remove coolant cap on top of engine.
  • On the side of the heat exchanger you have a drain with a 3mn Allen key, this will drop ¾ of the coolant.
  • On the other side next to the oil sensor you will find the 10mn bolt, a lot easier if some tubing is installed for the drain. This will remove ¼ left.
  • Remove the side expansion tank grab the tubing put in container and dump content add new and re-install.
  • Add new coolant via the cap and you are done. We use Prestone high efficiency diesel.

Run engine to check for leak. Next year when I change the coolant, I will also remove the sea water and will check the heat exchanger inside.

After all this you feel good, until you realize that you need to do the oil still. To avoid thinking about it why don’t we travel to New Caledonia for island 223rd.

Europeans first sighted New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands in the late 18th century. The British explorer James Cook sighted and named Grande Terre in 1774. During the same voyage he also named the islands to the north of New Caledonia the New Hebrides (now Vanuatu), after the isles off the west coast of Scotland. Whalers operated off New Caledonia during the 19th century. Sandalwood traders were welcome but as supplies of sandalwood diminished, the traders became abusive. The Europeans brought new diseases such as smallpox, measles, dysentery, influenza, syphilis, and leprosy. Many people died as a result of these diseases. Tensions developed into hostilities, and in 1849, the crew of the American ship Cutter was killed and eaten by the Pouma clan. Cannibalism had once been widespread throughout New Caledonia.

As trade in sandalwood declined, it was replaced by a new form of trade, “Blackbirding”. Blackbirding was a euphemism for enslaving people from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands, New Hebrides, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands to work in sugar cane plantations in Fiji and Queensland. The trade ceased at the start of the 20th century. The victims of this trade were called Kanakas like all the Oceanian people, after the Hawaiian word for ‘man’. This label was later shortened to Kanak, and adopted by the indigenous population after the French annexation.

In 1843 missionaries from France began arriving on the island and France claimed the islands as part of an attempt by Napoleon III to rival the British colonies in Australia and New Zealand. However, the British objected and their claim was subsequently withdrawn. In 1851 a French landing party at Balade was attacked by the natives and massacred with the exception of a single member.

France now initiated a formal annexation and in late 1853 Auguste Febvrier Despointes led the expedition that raised the French flag at the spot of the massacre. Simultaneously the commander of a British vessel was in negotiation with the native chief of the Isle of Pines and the British flag was raised there. The chief, however, subsequently sided with the French, and the British claim was finally withdrawn.

In 1854 Port de France (now called Noumea) was established. France used the territory as a penal colony and established a prison on Nou Island off the coast of Noumea. France sent a total of 22,000 convicted felons to Nou Island and other sites along the south-west coast of New Caledonia between 1864 and 1922. This number included regular criminals as well as political prisoners such as Parisian socialists and Kabyle nationalists. Over 4,000 participants in the Paris Commune of 1871 were deported from France to penal colonies in New Caledonia. Towards the end of the penal colony era, free European settlers (including former convicts) and Asian contract workers by far outnumbered the population of forced workers. The indigenous Kanak populations declined drastically in that same period due to introduced diseases and an apartheid-like system called Code de l’Indigénat which imposed severe restrictions on their livelihood, freedom of movement and land ownership.

In 1878 there was a serious native insurrection, and another in 1881 was only put down after much bloodshed.

New Caledonia has been on the United Nations list of non-self-governing territories since 1986. Agitation by the Front de Libération Nationale Kanak Socialiste (FLNKS) for independence began in 1985. The FLNKS (led by the late Jean-Marie Tjibaou, assassinated in 1989) advocated the creation of an independent state of “Kanaky”. The troubles culminated in 1988 with a bloody hostage taking in Ouvéa. The unrest led to agreement on increased autonomy in the Matignon Accords of 1988 and the Nouméa Accord of 1998. This Accord describes the devolution process as “irreversible” and also provides for a local Caledonian citizenship, separate official symbols of Caledonian identity (such as a “national” flag), as well as mandating a referendum on the contentious issue of independence from the French Republic sometime after 2014.


You say just come in through the path, sure!